A Guide to Grammar Lessons

by Neha Smith
(India)

A GUIDE TO GRAMMAR LESSONS



It is a given that all students must learn and know the grammatical forms or parts of speech.


PARTS OF SPEECH

1. VERB

Verbs play a very important role in a sentence. They are action words. Action words are the most common verbs. Some of the verbs also indicate the state of being.

For example- My uncle is an engineer.

It is a linking verb here. Some common linking verbs are: is, are, become etc.


2. NOUN

A Noun is a word that is used to name a person, place or any thing. It is the second part of speech. Nouns are mainly classified into two groups- common and proper nouns. Three other nouns are collective, abstract, and concrete nouns.

Examples- Woman, German, Happiness etc.
John doesn’t like puzzles or mathematics. (Pick out the noun here)


3. PRONOUN

A Pronoun is a word that is used in place of a noun. Personal Pronouns, Relative Pronouns, Demonstrative pronouns, Indefinite pronouns, and Interrogative pronouns are the different forms of a pronoun.

An Antecedent is a word for which the pronoun stands. My, mine, his, her are the personal pronouns because they show whose - something is. Who it belongs to.

ie) That`s my bicycle.


4. ADJECTIVES

Adjectives usually come before a noun or pronoun. Adjectives are of seven different forms in the English Language. A, an, the, my, our, your and there are the seven adjectives. Pronouns and verbs are also used as adjectives.

Verbs are also known as Participial Adjectives.

FOR example- Mr. Pattison is tall, dark and handsome. Here the adjectives are tall, dark and handsome.


5. ADVERBS

Adverbs modify verbs, adjectives and other adverbs. How, when, where and why are the elements of a verb. Not and n’t (ie- isn`t) intends to modify the entire sentence.

For ex-1. John answered the questions quickly.(HOW)
2. Pamela did not do the work correctly. (NOT and CORRECTLY are modifying the verb)


6. PREPOSITION

A preposition shows the relationship between the subject and the predicate. A preposition must always have an object or subject.


Examples of preposition:-above, after, before, against, between etc.

7. CONJUNCTION

A conjunction is a part of speech which intends to join a group of words, phrases or clauses.
For ex-and, but, whether, also etc.


By understanding these terms, students can better
understand how English is put together grammatically.



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