Geography Vocabulary

Geography Vocabulary, what to teach your students?

Here is some important vocabulary related to geography that you should teach your ESL students.

Altitude: Altitude is the height of an area or a place, the height is normally measured from sea level.

Antipodes: These are two points one on each side (North Pole and South Pole) of the planet.

Atlas: Atlas is an encyclopedia that has maps in it.

Bathymetric map: an underwater map is called a bathymetric map.

Bay: A body of water, which abut water. Bay is similar to gulf, it is just smaller.

Cape: A cape sticks out into the sea and is normally pointed.

Continent: The major parts of land on earth are called continents, there are 7 continents.

Dune: A hill made of sand is called dune.

Ice shelf: A thick piece of floating Ice is called ice shelf.

Island: A piece of land that is completely surrounded by water.

Lagoon: A lagoon is shallow body of water near a coast.

Mesa: An area with steep walls and a flat top is called a mesa.

Oasis: Oasis is a place in a desert that has water, plants and is fertile.

Plain: Plains are flat areas of land.

Reef: Growth of coral under the sea is called reef. It is usually near the surface of the water.

Swamp: A swamp has a spongy and muddy land with water. There are a lot of trees in swamps.

Strait: A thin body of water that joins two bigger bodies of water is called a strait.

Weather map: A map that shows weather conditions for a certain period of time is called a weather map.

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